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Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracPlugins


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Timestamp:
10/12/2017 05:25:58 PM (5 years ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracPlugins

    v1 v2  
    1 = Trac Plugins =
    2 [[TracGuideToc]]
    3 
    4 Since version 0.9, Trac supports [trac:PluginList plugins] that extend the built-in functionality. The plugin functionality is based on the [trac:TracDev/ComponentArchitecture component architecture].
    5 
    6 Plugins can be either installed globally, in a shared plugins directory  (see [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration Global Configuration]) or locally for specific TracEnvironment, in its `plugins` directory.
    7 Except for the later case, the components defined in a plugin should be explicitly enabled in the [[TracIni#components-section| [components] ]] section of the trac.ini file.
    8 
    9 == Requirements ==
    10 
    11 To use egg based plugins in Trac, you need to have [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/setuptools setuptools] (version 0.6) installed.
    12 
    13 To install `setuptools`, download the bootstrap module [http://peak.telecommunity.com/dist/ez_setup.py ez_setup.py] and execute it as follows:
    14 {{{
    15 $ python ez_setup.py
    16 }}}
    17 
    18 If the `ez_setup.py` script fails to install the setuptools release, you can download it from [http://www.python.org/pypi/setuptools PyPI] and install it manually.
    19 
    20 Plugins can also consist of a single `.py` file dropped into either the environment or the shared plugins directory.
    21 
    22 == Installing a Trac Plugin ==
    23 
    24 === For a Single Project ===
    25 
    26 Plugins are packaged as [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/PythonEggs Python eggs]. That means they are ZIP archives with the file extension `.egg`.
    27 
    28 If you have downloaded a source distribution of a plugin, and want to build the `.egg` file, follow this instruction:
    29  * Unpack the source. It should provide a setup.py.
     1[[PageOutline(2-5,Contents,pullout)]]
     2
     3= Trac plugins
     4
     5Trac is extensible with [trac:PluginList plugins]. Plugin functionality is based on the [trac:TracDev/ComponentArchitecture component architecture], with special cases described in the [trac:TracDev/PluginDevelopment plugin development] page.
     6
     7== Plugin discovery
     8
     9From the user's point of view, a plugin is either a standalone .py file or a package (egg or wheel). Trac looks for plugins in Python's `site-packages` directory, the [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration global shared] `plugins` directory and the [TracEnvironment project environment] `plugins` directory. Components defined in globally-installed plugins must be explicitly enabled in the [[TracIni#components-section| [components] ]] section of the `trac.ini` file. Components defined in the `plugins` directory of the project environment are enabled, unless explicitly disabled in the `[components]` section of the `trac.ini` file.
     10
     11== Installing a Trac plugin
     12
     13The instructions below are applicable to a plugin packaged as an egg. Plugins implemented as a single `py` file should be downloaded and copied to the [TracEnvironment project environment] `plugins` directory or the [TracIni#GlobalConfiguration global shared] plugins directory.
     14
     15=== For a single project
     16
     17If you have downloaded a source distribution of a plugin, and want to build the `.egg` file:
     18
     19 * Unpack the source. It should provide `setup.py`.
    3020 * Run:
    31 {{{
     21 {{{#!sh
    3222$ python setup.py bdist_egg
    3323}}}
    3424
    35 Then you will have a *.egg file. Examine the output of running python to find where this was created.
    36 
    37 Once you have the plugin archive, you need to copy it into the `plugins` directory of the [wiki:TracEnvironment project environment]. Also, make sure that the web server has sufficient permissions to read the plugin egg. Then, restart the web server (this requirement was not previously mentioned in this document, but in my tests it began working only after I did so).
    38 
    39 To uninstall a plugin installed this way, remove the egg from `plugins` directory and restart web server.
    40 
    41 Note that the Python version that the egg is built with must
    42 match the Python version with which Trac is run.  If for
    43 instance you are running Trac under Python 2.5, but have
    44 upgraded your standalone Python to 2.6, the eggs won't be
    45 recognized.
    46 
    47 Note also that in a multi-project setup, a pool of Python interpreter instances will be dynamically allocated to projects based on need, and since plugins occupy a place in Python's module system, the first version of any given plugin to be loaded will be used for all the projects. In other words, you cannot use different versions of a single plugin in two projects of a multi-project setup. It may be safer to install plugins for all projects (see below) and then enable them selectively on a project-by-project basis.
    48 
    49 === For All Projects ===
    50 
    51 ==== With an .egg file ====
    52 
    53 Some plugins (such as [trac:SpamFilter SpamFilter]) are downloadable as a `.egg` file which can be installed with the `easy_install` program:
    54 {{{
    55 easy_install TracSpamFilter
    56 }}}
    57 
    58 If `easy_install` is not on your system see the Requirements section above to install it.  Windows users will need to add the `Scripts` directory of their Python installation (for example, `C:\Python24\Scripts`) to their `PATH` environment variable (see [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/EasyInstall#windows-notes easy_install Windows notes] for more information).
    59 
    60 If Trac reports permission errors after installing a zipped egg and you would rather not bother providing a egg cache directory writable by the web server, you can get around it by simply unzipping the egg. Just pass `--always-unzip` to `easy_install`:
    61 {{{
    62 easy_install --always-unzip TracSpamFilter-0.2.1dev_r5943-py2.4.egg
    63 }}}
    64 You should end up with a directory having the same name as the zipped egg (complete with `.egg` extension) and containing its uncompressed contents.
    65 
    66 Trac also searches for plugins installed in the shared plugins directory ''(since 0.10)'', see TracIni#GlobalConfiguration. This is a convenient way to share the installation of plugins across several but not all environments.
    67 
    68 ==== From source ====
    69 
    70 `easy_install` makes installing from source a snap. Just give it the URL to either a Subversion repository or a tarball/zip of the source:
    71 {{{
    72 easy_install http://svn.edgewall.com/repos/trac/plugins/0.11/spam-filter
    73 }}}
    74 
    75 ==== Enabling the plugin ====
    76 Unlike plugins installed per-environment, you'll have to explicitly enable globally installed plugins via [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]. This also applies to plugins installed in shared plugins directory, i.e. the path specified in the `[inherit] plugins_dir` configuration option.
    77 
    78 This is done in the `[components]` section of the configuration file, for example:
    79 {{{
     25You should now have an *.egg file. Examine the output of running Python to find where this was created.
     26
     27Once you have the plugin archive, copy it into the `plugins` directory of the [TracEnvironment project environment]. Also, make sure that the web server has sufficient permissions to read the plugin egg. Then restart the web server. If you are running as a [TracStandalone "tracd" standalone server], restart tracd, ie kill the process and run again.
     28
     29To uninstall a plugin installed this way, remove the egg from the `plugins` directory and restart the web server.
     30
     31'''Note''': the Python version that the egg is built with ''must'' match the Python version with which Trac is run. For example, if you are running Trac under Python 2.6, but have upgraded your standalone Python to 2.7, the eggs won't be recognized.
     32
     33'''Note''': in a multi-project setup, a pool of Python interpreter instances will be dynamically allocated to projects based on need; since plugins occupy a place in Python's module system, the first version of any given plugin to be loaded will be used for all projects. In other words, you cannot use different versions of a single plugin in two projects of a multi-project setup. It may be safer to install plugins for all projects (see below), and then enable them selectively on a project-by-project basis.
     34
     35=== For all projects
     36
     37==== With an .egg file
     38
     39Some plugins, such as [https://trac-hacks.org/wiki/TagsPlugin TracTags], are downloadable as an `.egg` file that can be installed with `easy_install` or `pip`:
     40{{{#!sh
     41$ easy_install TracTags
     42}}}
     43{{{#!sh
     44$ pip install TracTags
     45}}}
     46
     47If `easy_install` is not on your system, see the [trac:setuptools#Installsetuptools Trac setuptools documentation].
     48
     49`pip` is included in Python 2.7.9. In earlier versions of Python it can be installed through the package manager of your OS (e.g. `apt-get install python-pip`) or using the [https://pip.pypa.io/en/latest/installing.html#install-pip get_pip.py].
     50
     51If Trac reports permission errors after installing a zipped egg, and you would rather not bother providing an egg cache directory writable by the web server, you can get around it by simply unzipping the egg. Just pass `--always-unzip` to `easy_install`:
     52{{{#!sh
     53$ easy_install --always-unzip TracTags
     54}}}
     55You should end up with a directory having the same name as the zipped egg, complete with `.egg` extension, and containing its uncompressed contents.
     56
     57Trac also searches for plugins installed in the shared plugins directory, see TracIni#GlobalConfiguration. This is a convenient way to share the installation of plugins across several, but not all, environments.
     58
     59==== From source
     60
     61`easy_install` and `pip` make installing from source a snap. Just give it the URL to either a repository or a tarball/zip of the source:
     62{{{#!sh
     63$ easy_install https://trac-hacks.org/svn/tagsplugin/trunk
     64}}}
     65{{{#!sh
     66$ pip install svn+https://trac-hacks.org/svn/tagsplugin/trunk
     67}}}
     68When installing from a repository using `pip`, be sure to use the repository type in the protocol. For example, `svn+https` for Subversion and `git+https` for Git.
     69
     70==== Enabling the plugin
     71
     72Unlike plugins installed per environment, you'll have to explicitly enable globally installed plugins via [TracIni trac.ini]. This also applies to plugins installed in the shared plugins directory, ie the path specified in the [TracIni#inherit-plugins_dir-option "[inherit] plugins_dir"] configuration option.
     73
     74This is done in the [TracIni#components-section "[components]"] section of the configuration file `trac.ini`. For example:
     75{{{#!ini
    8076[components]
    81 tracspamfilter.* = enabled
    82 }}}
    83 
    84 The name of the option is the Python package of the plugin. This should be specified in the documentation of the plugin, but can also be easily discovered by looking at the source (look for a top-level directory that contains a file named `__init__.py`.)
    85 
    86 Note: After installing the plugin, you need to restart your web server.
    87 
    88 ==== Uninstalling ====
    89 
    90 `easy_install` or `python setup.py` does not have an uninstall feature. Hower, it is usually quite trivial to remove a globally installed egg and reference:
    91  1. Do `easy_install -m [plugin name]` to remove references from `$PYTHONLIB/site-packages/easy-install.pth` when the plugin installed by setuptools.
    92  1. Delete executables from `/usr/bin`, `/usr/local/bin` or `C:\\Python*\Scripts`. For search what executables are there, you may refer to `[console-script]` section of `setup.py`.
    93  1. Delete the .egg file or folder from where it is installed, usually inside `$PYTHONLIB/site-packages/`.
    94  1. Restart web server.
    95 
    96 If you are uncertain about the location of the egg, here is a small tip to help locate an egg (or any package) - replace `myplugin` with whatever namespace the plugin uses (as used when enabling the plugin):
    97 {{{
     77tractags.* = enabled
     78}}}
     79
     80The name of the option is the Python package of the plugin. This should be specified in the documentation of the plugin, but can also be easily discovered by looking at the source: look for a top-level directory that contains a file named `__init__.py`.
     81
     82After installing the plugin, you must restart your web server.
     83
     84==== Upgrading the environment
     85
     86Some plugins may require an environment upgrade. This will typically be necessary for plugins that implement `IEnvironmentSetupParticipant`. Common reasons for requiring an environment upgrade are to add tables to the database or add configuration parameters to trac.ini. A notification will be displayed when accessing Trac for the first time after installing a plugin and restarting the web server. To upgrade the environment, run the command:
     87
     88{{{#!sh
     89$ trac-admin /path/to/env upgrade
     90}}}
     91
     92A database backup will be made before upgrading the environment, unless the `--no-backup` option is specified. For more information, refer to the documentation output by `trac-admin /path/to/env help upgrade`.
     93
     94==== Redeploying static resources
     95
     96If you [TracInstall#MappingStaticResources mapped static resources] so they are served by the web server, and the plugin contains static resources (CSS, !JavaScript and image files), the resources will need to be deployed to the location on the filesystem that is served by the web server.
     97
     98Execute the `deploy` command, as was done during install and [TracUpgrade#a5.Refreshstaticresources upgrade]:
     99
     100{{{#!sh
     101$ trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /deploy/path
     102}}}
     103
     104After executing the command, you must restart your web server.
     105
     106{{{#!div style="border: 1pt dotted; margin: 1em"
     107**Note:** Some web browsers (IE, Opera) cache CSS and Javascript files, so you should instruct your users to manually erase the contents of their browser's cache. A forced refreshed (SHIFT + <F5>) should be enough.
     108{{{#!comment
     109Remove above note once #9936 is fixed.
     110}}}
     111}}}
     112
     113==== Upgrading a Plugin
     114
     115Normally, upgrading a plugin is simply a matter of repeating the install process. You may want to [#Uninstalling uninstall] old versions of the plugin.
     116
     117The `pip install` command has an `--upgrade (-U)` switch that will uninstall the old version and install the new version. The command can have some unintended side-effects though, because it will also upgrade the plugin dependencies. For example, if `Trac` is listed as a dependency of the plugin in `setup.py`, the latest version of Trac will be downloaded and installed. This may not be what you want if you are running an older version of Trac because not all your plugins are compatible with the latest version of Trac, or you simply haven't done the appropriate planning for upgrading Trac. Uninstalling and then installing the plugin can be a safer option:
     118{{{#!sh
     119$ pip uninstall <pluginname>
     120$ pip install <pluginname>
     121}}}
     122
     123Alternatively you can use a [https://pip.pypa.io/en/stable/user_guide/#requirements-files requirements file] and pin the versions of the packages that you don't want to implicitly upgrade.
     124
     125==== Uninstalling
     126
     127`pip` makes it easy to uninstall a plugin:
     128{{{#!sh
     129$ pip uninstall <pluginname>
     130}}}
     131
     132The `pip uninstall` command can be used even if the plugin was installed using `easy_install` or `python setup.py install`.
     133
     134Neither `easy_install` nor `python setup.py` have an uninstall feature. However, it is usually trivial to remove a globally installed egg and reference:
     135
     136 1. Do `easy_install -m <plugin name>` to remove references from `$PYTHONLIB/site-packages/easy-install.pth` when the plugin is installed by setuptools.
     137 1. Delete executables from `/usr/bin`, `/usr/local/bin`, or `C:\\Python*\Scripts`. To find what executables are involved, refer to the `[console-script]` section of `setup.py`.
     138 1. Delete the .egg file or folder from where it's installed, usually inside `$PYTHONLIB/site-packages/`.
     139 1. Restart the web server.
     140
     141If you are uncertain about the location of the egg file, you can try to locate it by replacing `myplugin` with whatever namespace the plugin uses (as used when enabling the plugin):
     142{{{#!pycon
    98143>>> import myplugin
    99144>>> print myplugin.__file__
     
    101146}}}
    102147
    103 == Setting up the Plugin Cache ==
    104 
    105 Some plugins will need to be extracted by the Python eggs runtime (`pkg_resources`), so that their contents are actual files on the file system. The directory in which they are extracted defaults to '.python-eggs' in the home directory of the current user, which may or may not be a problem. You can however override the default location using the `PYTHON_EGG_CACHE` environment variable.
    106 
    107 To do this from the Apache configuration, use the `SetEnv` directive as follows:
    108 {{{
    109 SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir
    110 }}}
    111 
    112 This works whether you are using the [wiki:TracCgi CGI] or the [wiki:TracModPython mod_python] front-end. Put this directive next to where you set the path to the [wiki:TracEnvironment Trac environment], i.e. in the same `<Location>` block.
    113 
    114 For example (for CGI):
    115 {{{
    116  <Location /trac>
    117    SetEnv TRAC_ENV /path/to/projenv
    118    SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir
    119  </Location>
    120 }}}
    121 
    122 or (for mod_python):
    123 {{{
    124  <Location /trac>
    125    SetHandler mod_python
    126    ...
    127    SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir
    128  </Location>
    129 }}}
    130 
    131  ''Note: !SetEnv requires the `mod_env` module which needs to be activated for Apache. In this case the !SetEnv directive can also be used in the `mod_python` Location block.''
    132 
    133 For [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI], you'll need to `-initial-env` option, or whatever is provided by your web server for setting environment variables.
    134 
    135  ''Note: that if you already use -initial-env to set the project directory for either a single project or parent you will need to add an additional -initial-env directive to the !FastCgiConfig directive. I.e.
    136 
    137 {{{
    138 FastCgiConfig -initial-env TRAC_ENV=/var/lib/trac -initial-env PYTHON_EGG_CACHE=/var/lib/trac/plugin-cache
    139 }}}
    140 
    141 === About hook scripts ===
    142 
    143 If you have set up some subversion hook scripts that call the Trac engine - such as the post-commit hook script provided in the `/contrib` directory - make sure you define the `PYTHON_EGG_CACHE` environment variable within these scripts as well.
    144 
    145 == Troubleshooting ==
    146 
    147 === Is setuptools properly installed? ===
     148== Setting up the plugin cache
     149
     150Some plugins will need to be extracted by the Python egg's runtime. See [wiki:TracInstall#egg-cache] for information on setting up the egg cache.
     151
     152== Web-based plugin administration
     153
     154The !WebAdmin interface offers limited support for plugin configuration to users with `TRAC_ADMIN` permission:
     155
     156* enabling and disabling installed plugins
     157* installing plugins by uploading them as eggs
     158
     159If you wish to disable the second function for security reasons, add the following to your `trac.ini` file:
     160{{{#!ini
     161[components]
     162trac.admin.web_ui.PluginAdminPanel = disabled
     163}}}
     164This disables the whole panel, so the first function will no longer be available either.
     165
     166== Troubleshooting
     167
     168=== Is setuptools properly installed?
    148169
    149170Try this from the command line:
    150 {{{
     171{{{#!sh
    151172$ python -c "import pkg_resources"
    152173}}}
     
    154175If you get '''no output''', setuptools '''is''' installed. Otherwise, you'll need to install it before plugins will work in Trac.
    155176
    156 === Did you get the correct version of the Python egg? ===
     177=== Did you get the correct version of the Python egg?
    157178
    158179Python eggs have the Python version encoded in their filename. For example, `MyPlugin-1.0-py2.5.egg` is an egg for Python 2.5, and will '''not''' be loaded if you're running a different Python version (such as 2.4 or 2.6).
    159180
    160 Also, verify that the egg file you downloaded is indeed a ZIP archive. If you downloaded it from a Trac site, chances are you downloaded the HTML preview page instead.
    161 
    162 === Is the plugin enabled? ===
    163 
    164 
    165 If you install a plugin globally (i.e. ''not'' inside the `plugins` directory of the Trac project environment) you will have to explicitly enable it in [TracIni trac.ini]. Make sure that:
    166  * you actually added the necessary line(s) to the `[components]` section
    167  * the package/module names are correct
    168  * the value is “enabled", not e.g. “enable”
    169 
    170 === Check the permissions on the egg file ===
    171 
    172 Trac must be able to read the file.
    173 
    174 === Check the log files ===
    175 
    176 Enable [wiki:TracLogging logging] and set the log level to `DEBUG`, then watch the log file for messages about loading plugins.
    177 
    178 === Verify you have proper permissions ===
    179 
    180 Some plugins require you have special permissions in order to use them. [trac:WebAdmin WebAdmin], for example, requires the user to have TRAC_ADMIN permissions for it to show up on the navigation bar.
    181 
    182 === Is the wrong version of the plugin loading? ===
    183 
    184 If you put your plugins inside plugins directories, and certainly if you have more than one project, you need to make sure that the correct version of the plugin is loading. Here are some basic rules:
    185  * Only one version of the plugin can be loaded for each running Trac server (ie. each Python process). The Python namespaces and module list will be shared, and it cannot handle duplicates. Whether a plugin is `enabled` or `disabled` makes no difference.
    186  * A globally installed plugin (typically `setup.py install`) will override any version in global or project plugins directories. A plugin from the global plugins directory will be located before any project plugins directory.
    187  * If your Trac server hosts more than one project (as with `TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR` setups), then having two versions of a plugin in two different projects will give uncertain results. Only one of them will load, and the one loaded will be shared by both projects. Trac will load the first found - basically from the project that receives the first request.
    188  * Having more than one version listed inside Python site-packages is fine (ie. installed with `setup.py install`) - setuptools will make sure you get the version installed most recently. However, don't store more than one version inside a global or project plugins directory - neither version number nor installed date will matter at all. There is no way to determine which one will be located first when Trac searches the directory for plugins.
    189 
    190 === If all of the above failed ===
    191 
    192 OK, so the logs don't mention plugins, the egg is readable, the python version is correct ''and'' the egg has been installed globally (and is enabled in the trac.ini) and it still doesn't work or give any error messages or any other indication as to why? Hop on the [trac:IrcChannel IrcChannel] and ask away.
     181Also, verify that the egg file you downloaded is indeed a .zip archive. If you downloaded it from a Trac site, chances are you downloaded the HTML preview page instead.
     182
     183=== Is the plugin enabled?
     184
     185If you install a plugin globally, ie ''not'' inside the `plugins` directory of the Trac project environment, you must explicitly enable it in [TracIni trac.ini]. Make sure that:
     186
     187 * you actually added the necessary line(s) to the `[components]` section.
     188 * the package/module names are correct and do not contain typos.
     189 * the value is "enabled", not "enable" or "Enable".
     190 * the section name is "components", not "component".
     191
     192=== Check the permissions on the .egg file
     193
     194Trac must be able to read the .egg file.
     195
     196=== Check the log files
     197
     198Enable [TracLogging logging] and set the log level to `DEBUG`, then watch the log file for messages about loading plugins.
     199
     200=== Verify you have the proper permissions
     201
     202Some plugins require you have special permissions in order to use them. !WebAdmin, for example, requires the user to have `TRAC_ADMIN` permissions for it to show up on the navigation bar.
     203
     204=== Is the wrong version of the plugin loading?
     205
     206If you put your plugins inside the `plugins` directories, and certainly if you have more than one project, you need to make sure that the correct version of the plugin is loading. Here are some basic rules:
     207
     208 * Only one version of the plugin can be loaded for each running Trac server, ie each Python process. The Python namespaces and module list will be shared, and it cannot handle duplicates. Whether a plugin is `enabled` or `disabled` makes no difference.
     209 * A globally installed plugin (typically `setup.py install`) will override any version in the global or project plugins directories. A plugin from the global plugins directory will be located ''before'' any project plugins directory.
     210 * If your Trac server hosts more than one project (as with `TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR` setups), having two versions of a plugin in two different projects will give unpredicatable results. Only one of them will load, and the one loaded will be shared by both projects. Trac will load the first plugin found, usually from the project that receives the first request.
     211 * Having more than one version listed inside Python site-packages is fine, ie installed with `setup.py install`, because setuptools will make sure you get the version installed most recently. However, don't store more than one version inside a global or project plugins directory: neither the version number nor the installed date will matter at all. There is no way to determine which one will be located first when Trac searches the directory for plugins.
     212
     213=== If all of the above failed
     214
     215Okay, so the logs don't mention plugins, the egg is readable, the Python version is correct, ''and'' the egg has been installed globally (and is enabled in trac.ini)... and it ''still'' doesn't work or give any error messages or any other indication as to why. Hop on the [trac:IrcChannel IrcChannel] or [trac:MailingList] and ask away!
    193216
    194217----
    195 See also TracGuide, [trac:PluginList plugin list], [trac:TracDev/ComponentArchitecture component architecture]
     218See also TracGuide, [trac:PluginList plugin list], [trac:TracDev/ComponentArchitecture component architecture].